American culture during the first phase of the Cold War was confronted with dramatic material transformations of daily life. The development of suburbs as bedroom communities were first realized in the decade after the Second World War.
Levittown on Long Island was planned and built between 1947 and 1951 and became the prototype community for cheaply produced mass consumption track housing. Residents at Levittown also pushed for and got public swimming pools. Here are some links on the importance of this prototype suburb.
Levittown: Documents of an Ideal American Suburb Peter Bacon Hales, Art History Department, University of Illinois at Chicago
Levittown Historical Society
The Levittown Story
Levittown Revisited Part II
Levittown 1947 promotional film
The suburbs were the product of a new mass consumption society aided by cheap gasoline and an expansive new communications system of freeways and mass media for consumption. Televisions, radios, phones all became consumable technology items that could be marketed and distributed through a national market network. The rise of supermarkets first began in this period with stores like Sears & Roebuck moving from catalog stores in small towns to large department stores accessible by freeways in the new suburbs.
The Organization Man - website to the classic management book by William Whyte
Note the emphasis on white male patriarchy in the new corporate model.
The Man in the Gray Flannel Suite 1956
For a critique of male patriarchy the classic work is Betty Friedan The Feminine Mystique (1963)